Ayman's blog

A Christian missionary from Indiana was killed in Cameroon on Tuesday when he was shot while traveling in a region where the military and separatists have been fighting, a family member said.
The head of Brazilian President-elect Jair Bolsonaro`s party said on Tuesday that the full cabinet for the new administration will be announced on Monday.

Tim Cook iPad

  • Apple unveiled a new iPad Pro at its event in Brooklyn on Tuesday — and a new Apple Pencil stylus to go with it. 
  • The new devices fix the worst thing about the previous-generation products: the way the Pencil charged.
  • Now, the Pencil charges wirelessly by snapping onto the top of the iPad. Before, you had to plug it into the iPad`s Lightning port, where it would stick out awkwardly.

On Tuesday, Apple unveiled a revamped iPad Pro and a brand-new Apple Pencil. In the process, it fixed one of the few bad things about the generation of products that these new ones will replace. 

The new iPad Pro has an entirely new design, including squared-off edges and a nearly edge-to-edge "liquid retina" display. But perhaps one of the niftiest changes comes in how it charges the Apple Pencil. 

Now, your Pencil can snap on magnetically to the top of your iPad and charge up wirelessly, like so:

This is how the new Apple Pencil snaps onto the new iPad Pro. #AppleEvent pic.twitter.com/PsIIHL1FyQ

— Lance Ulanoff (@LanceUlanoff) October 30, 2018

This is a total change from how the Pencil used to charge. The first-generation Pencil could only charge up one way: by removing the cap on the top and plugging it directly into the Lightning port on your iPad, where it would stick out awkwardly.  

It looked like this: 

ipad pro apple pencil charging

While that charging method was a good idea in theory — you didn`t need a separate charger for your Pencil! — it clearly had some limitations.

If you brushed past the device too quickly while it was charging, the Pencil could potentially snap off, breaking the Lightning charger. Or worse, if left on the edge of a table, a little one walking by could have been poked with the pointy end of the Pencil. 

At the very least, it was incredibly unwieldy, and looked a little silly to boot — not unlike Apple`s Magic Mouse 2, which faces a similar issue

Now read: Here`s everything Apple announced at its big iPad and Mac event

The new second-generation Pencil fixes one more issue: you have to worry less about losing the Pencil anymore. Before, there was no easy way to keep track of the Pencil unless you had a special iPad case, and its totally smooth, cylindrical shape meant it was often at risk for rolling right off your desk. Now that it has one flat edge and it`s magnetized, you can snap it onto your iPad and put the whole thing in your bag. 

A pricier Pencil

The only downside: the new Pencil is more expensive, and it only works with a few iPads. The Pencil costs 129, 30 more than the previous model, and it only works with the new 11-inch and 12.9-inch iPad Pro.

What`s different about the new version — beyond a tweak to the design and the wireless charging — is the ability to double tap on the device to change tools or brush sizes in whatever program you`re using, and tap to wake it up. Plus, you can now get your Pencil engraved. 

While Apple now offers a new version of the Pencil, it does still sell the first-generation model — it costs 99, and it`s compatible with the following iPads:

  • iPad Pro 12.9-inch (2nd generation)
  • iPad Pro 12.9-inch (1st generation)
  • iPad Pro 10.5-inch
  • iPad Pro 9.7-inch
  • iPad (6th generation)

Read more of our coverage from Apple`s October event:

SEE ALSO: Here`s every single new emoji that just became available for iPhones

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: A cybersecurity expert showed us how hackers can tap into an office phone and listen to everything you`re saying

airplane on runway

The Department of Justice has indicted 10 Chinese intelligence officers and those working at their direction for stealing sensitive information from United States aviation companies, according to a federal court filing.

The US Department of Justice (DOJ) says the aviation companies were hacked over a period of five years in an effort to obtain intellectual property and other confidential information. 

According to the government agency, the intelligence officials and hackers sought information about a turbofan engine used in commercial aircraft that was being developed by a French manufacturer and a US firm. The engine was similar to one being developed by a Chinese state-owned aviation company, the DOJ says.

"For the third time since only September, the National Security Division, with its US Attorney partners, has brought charges against Chinese intelligence officers from the JSSD and those working at their direction and control for stealing American intellectual property," John C. Demers, the assistant attorney general for national security, said in a DOJ press release. "This is just the beginning. Together with our federal partners, we will redouble our efforts to safeguard America’s ingenuity and investment."

The intelligence officials and hackers opened email addresses under false identities and used multiple servers in different countries to evade detection, the DOJ says, and employed a number of techniques to gain access to confidential information. Those techniques included sending emails containing malware, installing malware on the web pages of targeted companies, and working with employees of targeted companies.

This is a developing story. Check back for updates.

SEE ALSO: Trump has `zero authority` to end birthright citizenship, and this is a `Hail Mary` a week before the midterms, legal experts say

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: Scorpion venom is the most expensive liquid in the world — here`s why it costs 39 million per gallon

The return of King Salman’s brother, who had feared arrest if he went back to Saudi Arabia, may be a sign the royal family is seeking a unified response to the furor over the death of Jamal Khashoggi.
Thousands of Romanians marched through Bucharest in protest against corruption on Tuesday on the third anniversary of a deadly nightclub fire they blame on graft and lack of accountability.
Chinese intelligence officers conspired with hackers and company insiders to break into private companies` computer systems and steal information on a turbo fan engine used in commercial jetliners, according to a U.S. indictment unsealed on Tuesday.

Featured in Ripley`s Believe It or Not!

witch catcher

Witch Catchers And Man Catchers

One of the most curious instruments of torture ever developed, this spiked collar polearm was used to catch criminals by pushing the front of the hoop around the neck of the accused. Many were even equipped with spring-loaded hooks to keep suspects from slipping out of them. If they struggled, even the slightest bit, the razor-sharp spikes could even pierce their throats causing great pain or even death!

witch catcher

When investigating suspected heretics, witch catchers were often made with extra-long handles to catch suspected sorcerers and sorceresses. This prevented the witch from touching their captors as it was feared that the mere touch from a witch could bring about a painful and sudden death.

Not just used for witches, this peculiar polearm also saw use as a non-lethal means of capturing prisoners. Riders could easily be rested from horseback, armored opponents could be safely handled, and prisoners could be moved without touching them directly.

Less lethal versions of the man catcher still see use today. Usually void of locking pins and spikes, they’re used by police forces in Japan and Thailand to hold people at bay. In Japan, man catchers have been carefully redesigned so they don’t hurt the people being restrained, sometimes incorporating flexible plastic.

CC Chris73

A modern man catcher./CC Chris73

Source: One Cruel And Sinister Way To Catch A Witch

iPad Pro 2018 00067.JPG

NEW YORK CITY — If you want an iPad, any iPad, you can buy a new one for 329. But if you plan to run Photoshop, play advanced games, or use Apple`s stylus, called Pencil, you`ll want the iPad Pro. 

Apple updated its iPad Pro lineup on Tuesday with two new models: one with a 11-inch screen, and one with a 12.9-inch screen. 

It`s the biggest update to the iPad lineup in years. Gone is the old home button, which brought you back to the home screen. Instead, you now unlock the iPad Pro with your face — using Apple`s Face ID — and use gestures to change or quit apps. 

These changes enabled Apple to make the bezels smaller, packing the same-sized screens as previous models into tablets with a smaller overall size — the 11-inch version is about the size of a piece notebook paper, for example.

There`s also been a ton of other changes, too, like a shift from Apple`s proprietary Lightning charger to the cross-platform USB-C standard. 

With these changes comes an increase in price: now, the smaller iPad Pro costs at least 799. The bigger model starts at 999. And that price can skyrocket if you get all the bells and whistles, including a new keyboard case, more storage space, and an LTE modem.

We were able to try out Apple`s newest tablet for power users on Tuesday. Here`s what we thought: 

The first thing you`ll notice is that the screen takes up a larger percentage of the front of the device.

It also comes in two sizes.

The corners of the screen are rounded, a lot like the iPhone X. You can also see how large the bezels are in this photo.

See the rest of the story at Business Insider

Manish Lachwani CEO HeadSpin 2

  • HeadSpin, a startup that creates a platform to help developers more easily test apps and sites on mobile devices, has raised 20 million in Series B financing.
  • This three-year-old startup is now worth 500 million.
  • Co-founder and CEO Manish Lachwani drew on his experiences from Google, Zynga and other companies to solve the difficulties he faced when testing mobile apps. 

Over three-fourths of Americans own smartphones, which means that it’s incredibly important for tech companies to nail their mobile apps. But testing those apps to make sure they`re working correctly can be a hassle.

HeadSpin, a Silicon Valley startup, allows developers to easily test, debug and monitor mobile apps and sites in real-time on actual devices. Oftentimes, developers use a simulator on their computers to test these apps, but even then, there might be unexpected bugs on the actual mobile app when used by real customers on a real phone.

And investors see potential for this idea: On Tuesday, HeadSpin announced 20 million in Series B financing. With this funding, HeadSpin’s valuation is now north of 500 million, just three years in.

As an engineer, HeadSpin co-founder and CEO Manish Lachwani has worked on a wide variety of projects, from online games at Zynga to YouTube and Chrome at Google. But one problem stood out to him: testing apps. And it was “nearly impossible” to pinpoint why mobile apps sometimes failed.

“There was no way of understanding whether something would work or not,” Lachwani told Business Insider. “That’s where a number of these games failed. We had a very hard time.”

HeadSpin can solve these problems within five minutes, Lachwani says, and being able to test apps can save developers both time and money.

With the funding, HeadSpin plans to incorporate more automation into the app to identify high-priority issues for apps.

“All this learning helped us create a platform that helps you understand what to fix prior to launch,” Lachwani said. “Developers can see, this is where the problem is.”

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: Why babies can`t drink water

Brazil`s President-elect Jair Bolsonaro will travel to Brasilia to meet with current President Michel Temer on Tuesday next week, his future chief of staff Onyx Lorenzoni said.
The U.S. State Department confirmed on Tuesday that an American citizen had been killed in Cameroon and said it was offering all appropriate consular assistance to the family but provided no further details about the person.

the haunting of hill house

In an age of streaming, audiences often binge their latest obsessions while waiting for the next one.

Every week, Parrot Analytics provides Business Insider with a list of the five most "in-demand" TV shows on streaming services. (The data is based on Demand Expressions, the globally standardized TV demand measurement unit from Parrot Analytics. Audience demand reflects the desire, engagement, and viewership weighted by importance, so a stream or download is a higher expression of demand than a "like" or comment on social media.)

This week`s most in-demand shows include Netflix`s "Daredevil," which just dropped a new season; the new hit horror series "The Haunting of Hill House"; and "Stranger Things," which is skipping 2018, leaving fans craving for its third season that will come to Netflix next year.

Below are this week`s five most popular shows on Netflix and other streaming services:

SEE ALSO: There are early signs that Hasan Minhaj`s `Patriot Act` could succeed where other Netflix talk shows have failed

5. "Big Mouth" (Netflix)

Average demand expressions: 26,361,485 

Description: "Teenage friends find their lives upended by the wonders and horrors of puberty."

Season 2 premiered on Netflix October 5.

4. "Chilling Adventures of Sabrina" (Netflix)

Average demand expressions:  34,685,847 

Description: "Magic and mischief collide as half-human, half-witch Sabrina navigates between two worlds: mortal teen life and her family`s legacy, the Church of Night."

Season 1 premiered on Netflix October 26.

3. "Stranger Things" (Netflix)

Average demand expressions: 35,038,051 

Description: "When a young boy vanishes, a small town uncovers a mystery involving secret experiments."

Seasons 1 and 2 are now streaming on Netflix; season 3 drops in 2019.

See the rest of the story at Business Insider

Freeway Interchanges LA

It`s no secret — roads in the US could use some serious help. 

The American Society of Civil Engineers 2017 Report Card gave roads in the US a "D," finding that 32% of urban streets and 14% of rural roads were in poor condition.

There are some states showing signs of hope, however.

On Tuesday, lvl5 — a company founded by ex-Tesla engineers that are building HD maps for self-driving cars —published a list of US states ranked by road quality.

The company analyzed over 15 million photographs captured by its iPhone dashcam app, Payver, which pays users (typically Uber or Lyft drivers) up to 0.05 per mile to record their driving using their cell phone. To rank the states, Lvl5 measured four distinct areas: road paint fading, pavement cracking, potholes, and surface flatness.

Think your state has the smoothest rides around? 

Think again if you`re in Michigan — lvl5 found the Great Lake State to have the worst roads in the country. Iowa had the second-worst road quality in the study, followed by Indiana in 3rd. Lvl5`s full findings can be found here.

Below, we`ve listed the 10 states with the best driving conditions:

SEE ALSO: America`s highways and roads are crumbling — here are the 10 states that have it the worst

10. Minnesota

9. Colorado

8. California

See the rest of the story at Business Insider

35 big tech predictions for 2018Technology is increasingly disrupting every part of our daily lives.

Smart speakers and voice assistants let us interact with our homes and with retailers in new and seamless ways.

Smartphones are taking over as the dominant shopping device.

Viewers continue to move away from traditional TV toward digital platforms.

And the list is growing.

Nearly every industry has been disrupted by digital technologies over the past 10 years. And in 2018, we expect to see more transformative developments affect our businesses, careers, and lives.

Business Insider Intelligence, Business Insider`s premium research service, has put together a list of 35 Big Tech Predictions for 2018 across Apps and Platforms, Digital Media, Payments, Internet of Things, E-Commerce, Fintech, and Transportation & Logistics. Some of these major predictions include:

  • Cryptocurrencies will become more widely accepted
  • Google and Apple will challenge Amazon in the smart speaker space
  • The resurgence of the VR market
  • The real self-driving car race will begin
  • Drone regulations will relax
  • Alibaba’s international expansion
  • Gen Z will become a major focal point for media companies and advertisers
  • Payment security will become paramount
  • Smart home devices will take off

This comprehensive list of 35 predictions can be yours for free today. As an added bonus, you will gain immediate access to our exclusive free newsletter, Business Insider Intelligence Daily.

To get your copy of this FREE report, simply click here.

Join the conversation about this story »

Mark Zuckerberg

  • Facebook approved 100 fake political ads —each one claiming to have been to be paid for by a different US senator. 
  • Earlier this year, Facebook started displaying the name of the politician or entity sponsoring political ads, in a move meant to increase transparency.
  • Just a few days earlier, it was revealed that Facebook also approved fake political ads that claimed to be paid for by Vice President Mike Pence, or by "ISIS." In both cases, the ads were submitted as part of a experiment by Vice News.  
  • Although Vice didn`t actually run the ads, Facebook admitted that neither instance should have occurred. 

There`s new reason not to trust the "paid for by" disclaimer on the political ads you see on Facebook.

Facebook approved 100 fake political ads that claimed to be paid for by every US senator, submitted by Vice News as part of an experiment. The social network began using the "paid for by" disclaimer in May, as a way to boost transparency in political advertising ahead of November`s general election. 

Vice News didn`t actually run its fake ads, which it claimed to Facebook were "paid for by" Senator Mitch McConnell and all 99 other United States senators. But with that approval, Facebook would have let Vice run its fake ads alongside real ones. 

To submit a political ad on Facebook, the social network requires a photo ID, the name of your company, and the last four digits of your social security number, all of which Vice says that it provided.

In general, the "paid for" feature seems vulnerable to bad-faith actors, and this isn`t the first time phony ads have made it under Facebook`s radar. Just a few days earlier, Vice reported that Facebook had approved ads that claimed to be paid for by Vice President Mike Pence, and another by "ISIS," also placed by the news site However, an ad submitted under Hillary Clinton`s name was rejected, Vice reports. 

Notably, Facebook was quick to reject a fake ad "paid for" by CEO Mark Zuckerberg, Vice reports.

Facebook did not immediately respond to Business Insider`s request for comment. However, it told Vice that none of these fake ads should have been approved by the system, and that it`s working on several initiatives to combat misinformation and phony political ads. 

Read the full Vice News report here>>

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: Christopher Wylie says he was pushed into traffic and assaulted after exposing Facebook`s bombshell data scandal

Eight current and former officials of U.S. coal producer Drummond Co Inc [DRMND.UL] were called last week to testify before Colombian investigators about allegations the company supported far-right paramilitary death squads, a source from the attorney general`s office said on Tuesday.
Islamic State has claimed responsibility for a bomb attack on Shi`ite Muslim pilgrims in Iraq on Tuesday, the Sunni Islamist militant group`s news agency Amaq reported.

Featured in Ripley`s Believe It or Not!

Skeleton Lake

Deep in the snow-covered mountains of the Himalayas, the skeletal remains of hundreds of people populate a small lake in Roopkund, India, several miles from civilization. It took scientists decades to figure out how they died and why their bodies were deposited there so many years ago. Their findings were not what they expected.

skeleton lake

During World War II, a Nanda Devi game reserve ranger named Hari Kishan Madhwal entered a small valley and came upon the glacial lake, which is more than 16,000 feet above sea level (about half as high as Mount Everest). The ranger was startled to find several skeletons at the bottom of the lake. He was able to see them because the lake is very shallow at around two-meters deep.

CC Ashok Yadav

The high-altitude body of water is covered by ice 11 months out of the year. When the ice melts, additional remains surface in the water and on the shoreline, totaling around 200 skeletons.

Initially, the British believed the remains were of invading Japanese soldiers who died of exposure. Others thought the skeletons belonged to General Zorawar Singh of Kashmir and his soldiers, who disappeared in the Himalayas following the battle of Tibet in 1841.

The British government examined the skeletons and determined they were much too old to be Japanese soldiers even though some of the flesh, hair, nails, and bones were well preserved by the dry, cold Himalayan air. Upon further inspection, scientists found several artifacts near the bodies, including spearheads, leather slippers, and rings, disproving the theory that the skeletons were the remains of soldiers from the second world war.

skeleton lake

Over the years, the fate of the dead became less of a priority. Experts failed to pinpoint exactly where the bodies came from and what caused their deaths. They speculated that an avalanche, disease, starvation, ritual suicide, or even an enemy attack may have been the reason why so many people died in one place. One theory suggested the people were killed elsewhere, and their skeletons were displaced due to glacial shifts.

In 2004, a team of researchers from National Geographic, Oxford University’s Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit, and the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology in Hyderabad, India, were able to date the bodies to around 850 AD, a period of time when the country boasted the largest economy on earth.

Scientists determined that the skeletons belonged to two separate groups of people in the 9th century. One was a clan or family consisting of related individuals, while the other was a smaller and shorter stature group of people. It was later determined that 70 percent of the group came from Iran, while the smaller, local group was likely hired to guide the first party and carry their belongings on a pilgrimage through the area.

skeletons at rookpund

CC Ashok Adav

Experts determined that every single person was struck by a fatal blow to the head, which left tiny, deep cracks in their skulls. There were also strikes on their necks and shoulders. The manner of the injuries suggested that something round caused their deaths. Since other parts of the bodies were unharmed, investigators concluded that the blows came from above.

Local legend has it that the king of Kanauj and his pregnant wife were traveling with an entourage to Nanda Devi shrine for a special ceremony when they got caught in a terrible hailstorm. They had nowhere to seek shelter, and they died near Roopkund. A traditional folk song describes a similar scenario in which a goddess became so angry at outsiders who entered her inner sanctum that she exacted revenge by casting large hailstones upon them.

While it’s unclear if the folklore was based on actual events, scientists now believe that a freak hailstorm with stones approximately nine-inches in circumference (similar in size to a cricket ball) were responsible for the deaths at Skeleton Lake more than 1,200 years ago. With nowhere to take cover, the people perished from blunt trauma.

It isn’t the only time hailstorms have wreaked havoc on humans. On April 30, 1888, as many as 246 people were killed with hailstones the size of “goose eggs and oranges” in Moradabad, India. In 1932, there were reports of 200 people dying, and thousands more being injured, by a hailstorm in Nanking, China.

Meanwhile, Skeleton Lake has turned Roopkund into a tourist destination, attracting hundreds of visitors, trekkers, and pilgrims each year who make the steep five-day climb to reach the body of water. There have been some efforts to conserve the area and turn it into an eco-tourism destination that protects the skeletons from souvenir-seeking travelers who sometimes steal bones as mementos.

By Noelle Talmon, contributor for Ripleys.com

Source: Melting Ice In The Himalayas Exposes Skeleton-Filled Lake

German Chancellor Angela Merkel`s Bavarian allies are close to forming a coalition with the centrist Free Voters to govern the wealthy southeastern state of Bavaria, party sources said on Tuesday.
The European Union is set to renew sanctions in December on senior officials in Democratic Republic of Congo, including presidential candidate Emmanuel Ramazani Shadary, four Western diplomats told Reuters.

fall back time change date daylight saving time dst november 2 2018 2am 2x1

  • Daylight-saving time, or DST, began in the US in 1918 as a way to conserve energy.
  • However, many Americans believe the practice is not worth the hassle.
  • Scientific studies also suggest that daylight-saving time may cause more problems than it solves.
  • There are two main proposals to get rid of DST: by creating fewer time zones or moving to one universal time.

On Sunday at the stroke of 2:00 a.m., most people in North America and Europe will roll their clocks backward one hour to end daylight-saving time, or DST.

There`s some reason to celebrate: This will give hundreds of millions of people one extra hour of sleep. But on March 10, 2019, the invisible time vampire will return to suck away that hour of sleep.

This is perhaps the modern world`s dumbest ritual — a curse upon those who live within its confines, and a practice that needs to be abolished.

Daylight-saving time (not "daylight-savings" time) was created during World War I to decrease energy use. The practice was implemented year-round in 1942, during WWII. Not waking up in the dark, the thinking went, would decrease fuel use for lighting and heating. That would help conserve energy supplies to help the war effort.

Nearly 100 years later, though, the US is a divided nation on this topic. A 2012 survey of 1,000 American adults found that 45% thought daylight-saving was worth it, while more than 40% considered it worthless.

More than 152,560 people have petitioned Congress to end daylight-saving time. Some of the comments on the petition are practical appeals.

"Please stop switching the time! It`s awful driving home in the dark. I`m a woman that drives 30 miles down a 2 lane state hwy to get home!" wrote Lana J. from Gilmer, Texas.

Others are warranted and blistering critiques.

"Daylight saving time is an antiquated practice and serves no purpose in the modern world," wrote Dustin M. from Kings Mountain, North Carolina. "It causes undo stress to millions of Americans and does nothing for anyone."

We`re with Dustin, and here`s why.

What`s the problem with DST?

Earth at Night

According to advocacy groups like Standardtime.com, which are trying to abolish daylight-saving time, claims about saving energy are unproven. "If we are saving energy, let`s go year-round with daylight-saving time," the group says. "If we are not saving energy, let`s drop daylight-saving time!"

In his book "Spring Forward: The Annual Madness of Daylight-Saving Time," author Michael Downing says there isn`t much evidence that daylight-saving actually decreases energy use.

In fact, sometimes DST seems to increase energy use.

For example, in Indiana — where daylight-saving time was implemented statewide in 2006 — researchers saw that people used less electricity for light, but those gains were canceled out by people who used more air conditioning during the early evenings. (That`s because 6 p.m. felt more like 5 p.m., when the sun still shines brightly in the summer and homes haven`t had the chance to cool off.)

DST also increases gasoline consumption, something Downing says the petroleum industry has known since the 1930s. This is probably because evening activities — and the vehicle use they require — increase with that extra daylight.

Changing the clocks also causes air travel synchronization headaches, which sometimes leads to travel delays and lost revenue, airlines have reportedly said.

There are also health issues associated with changing the clocks. Similar to the way jet-lag makes you feel all out of whack, daylight-saving time is like scooting one time zone over. This can disrupt our sleep, metabolism, mood, stress levels, and other bodily rhythms. One study suggests recovery can take three weeks.

In the days after DST starts or ends, in fact, researchers have observed a spike in heart attacks, increased numbers of work injuries, more automobile accidents, and higher suicide rates.

Why keep it?

light bulb

Despite those early studies about energy use, one analysis from 2008 did find a small amount of energy savings after we extended DST by four weeks in 2005.

According to the Christian Science Monitor:

"Most advocates cite a 2008 report to Congress by the Department of Energy which showed that total electricity savings from the extended daylight-saving period amounted to 1.3 terawatt-hours, or 0.03 percent of electricity consumption over the year. That`s a tiny number. But if electricity costs 10 cents per kilowatt, that means an estimated 130 million in savings each year."

More evening light also inspires people to go out and spend money.

Downing told NPR that this comes in the form of activities like shopping and playing golf — the golf industry told Congress that an extra month of daylight-saving was worth 200 million in 1986. The BBQ industry said extending DST would boost sales by 100 million.

Extending daylight-saving time to November might also help the Halloween industry — the longer kids can trick-or-treat, the more candy you need to buy.

Changing the law can also be expensive. One legislature representative in Alberta, Canada, suggested that holding a referendum on DST may cost the province 2 to 6 million, even if it were put into a standard election ballot, and that holding a no-DST vote on its own might cost 22 million to organize and execute.

A world divided over time

Daylight Saving World Subdivisions october 2018 paul eggert wikipedia ccbysa3

Other areas of the world have gotten rid of daylight-saving time, or never had it to begin with.

The map above shows the breakdown. Blue areas observe DST, red areas never have, and orange areas once did but have since abolished it.

Some parts of the US have decided not to observe daylight-saving time, including most of Arizona (excluding the Navajo and Hopi reservations in the northeast), and until 2006, parts of Indiana.

A bill to abolish DST was once recommended for passage in Oklahoma, but it was not signed into law. A lawmaker in Utah also introduced legislation to try to abolish DST, but his bill died in committee.

The decision is up to individual counties, but choosing not observe DST when other nearby cities and counties do can be problematic.

Alternate proposals

Standardtime.com has a unique suggestion.

Their proposal is to create just two time zones in the continental US that are two hours apart. 

standard time zone anti daylight saving time

Compare that to the current state of things in America.

Right now, the US is broken into six time zones: Eastern, Central, Mountain, Pacific time, Alaska time, and Hawaii-Aleutian time, each one hour apart from the next.

These time zones exist so that areas in the east of each time zone get sunrise at about the same time.

time zones

Under Standardtime.com`s proposed system, the US` East and West Coasts would only be two hours apart. This would standardize more travel and meeting times within the country.

But the downside would be that sunrise and sunset would happen at wildly different times for many areas of the nation. 

For example, the sun rose in New York City at about 6:15 a.m. EST today and in Chicago at 6:10 a.m. CST; but if the two were in the same time zone, sunrise would be at 8:15 "Eastern Time" in Chicago.

Johns Hopkins University professors Richard Henry and Steven Hanke have come up with yet another possible fix: adopting a single time zone worldwide. They argue that the internet has eliminated the need for discrete time zones across the globe, so we might as well just do away with them. The proposal also includes a 13-month "permanent calendar." (The idea, understandably, has encountered some resistance.)

No plan will satisfy everyone. But that doesn`t mean daylight-saving time is right.

The absence of major energy-saving benefits from DST — along with its death toll, health impacts, and economic ramifications — are reason enough to get rid of the ritual.

Jennifer Welsh and Sarah Kramer contributed to previous versions of this post.

SEE ALSO: Daylight-saving time is bad for your health and the economy

DON`T MISS: Sunsets don`t happen later during the summer — here`s why it`s so confusing

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: Everyday phrases that even smart people say incorrectly


  • Apple often has surprise musical guests appear at its release events, and this month`s launch in Brooklyn featured Lana Del Rey.
  • Del Rey performed songs off her new album "Norman F-----g Rockwell," but she said on stage that she couldn`t say the title because Apple asked her not to swear.
  • While that request might come as a surprise to some, Apple has long positioned itself as a family-friendly brand where some things aren`t allowed. Apple doesn`t allow pornographic material in its App Store, for example, and some of its upcoming original content has reportedly been delayed due to concerns over "gratuitous sex, profanity, or violence."

Apple closed out its launch event on Tuesday with a performance from surprise musical guest Lana Del Rey, but in an unusually transparent move, the singer told the audience she wasn`t able to actually name drop her song or album due to their explicit titles.

Del Rey took the stage to perform two songs off her upcoming album, titled "Norman F-----g Rockwell."  She said she was unable to share the name of the record because Apple "told us not to swear." She ran into the same problem when introducing the track "Venice B----h."

"Again, in the name of swearing, I won’t say the title of the second track," Del Rey said. "I`ll call it `Venice` for now."

While those accustomed to hearing their favorite artists perform unfiltered at concerns might be surprised at such a request, this family-friendly approach to its events and services isn`t new for Apple. The Wall Street Journal reported in September that CEO Tim Cook is determined for Apple to present itself as a family-friendly company, so it`s not a stretch that cursing would be considered a no-no during a live event that`s streamed to Apple fans around the world.

We`ve also learned more about what Apple is and isn`t willing to produce thanks to recent reports on Apple`s 1 billion venture into original TV programming. The tech giant has ordered more than a dozen shows, but an already-produced series from rapper Dr. Dre was reportedly rejected after Tim Cook flagged scenes that depicted cocaine use, graphic sex, and "drawn guns."

Meanwhile, producers of original content like Netflix, Hulu, and HBO have found great success and popularity in edgy shows like "House of Cards," "Handmaid`s Tale," and "Game of Thrones" that often include nudity, explicit language, and graphic violence. 

But that hasn`t stopped Apple from buying up children`s cartoons and editing its shows, such as Carpool Karaoke, to eliminate cursing and make them more family friendly.

At the launch event Tuesday where Del Rey performed, the tech giant announced a new MacBook Air, iPad Pros, and Mac Mini.

Past musical guests who have performed at Apple events include Drake, Coldplay, Norah Jones, and OneRepublic.

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: 11 Apple Watch tips and tricks

Denmark said on Tuesday it suspected an Iranian government intelligence service had tried to carry out a plot to assassinate an Iranian Arab opposition figure on its soil.
Violent storms battered Italy for a third consecutive day on Tuesday, killing at least 11 people, and flooding much of Venice.

facebook ceo mark zuckerberg

Facebook will announce its Q3 earnings results after markets close on Tuesday.

The results come after a turbulent few months for the California tech giant, as it battles continued fallout from scandals including Cambridge Analytica and the hack of 30 million users` sensitive data.

The company`s stock dropped 20% on its Q2 2018 earnings in July, when it failed to meet analysts expectations and warned that revenue growth rates were going to drop. Wall Street will now be watching anxiously to see how significant the damage is.

Here are the key numbers Wall Street is expecting, via Bloomberg:

  • Adjusted EPS (earnings per share): 1.848
  • Revenue: 13.802 billion, up roughly 27% year-over-year

Most analysts remain optimistic on Facebook, despite its recent travails. There is a consensus price target of 203.26, according to Bloomberg — up significantly from Tuesday`s share price of around 143. The stock`s all-time high is around 210.

"We expect Facebook`s revenue growth to remain robust, supported by multiple growth drivers," Wedbush analysts wrote in a research note on Friday, ahead of Facebook`s Q3 earnings. "The company`s unmatched scale and ease of use when it comes to its advertising platform suggest that Facebook will continue to represent a core part of digital advertiser budgets."

Business Insider is covering Facebook`s Q3 2018 earnings live. Refresh this page or click here for the latest updates.

Got a tip? Contact this reporter via Signal or WhatsApp at +1 (650) 636-6268 using a non-work phone, email at [email protected], Telegram or WeChat at robaeprice, or Twitter DM at @robaeprice. (PR pitches by email only, please.) You can also contact Business Insider securely via SecureDrop.

SEE ALSO: Facebook`s biggest critic on Wall Street explains why he`s convinced the company is going to keep sinking

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faraday future ff91

  • The electric vehicle startup Faraday Future is close to running out of money as it forces some workers to take unpaid leave, The Verge reports. 
  • Faraday Future CEO Jia Yueting reportedly said in an email to employees that workers who started on or after May 1 of this year will be placed on unpaid leave until the automaker receives new funding.
  • Nick Sampson, one of the automaker`s founders, reportedly resigned on Tuesday, saying Faraday Future is "effectively insolvent" in an email to employees.
  • Faraday Future did not immediately respond to Business Insider`s request for comment.


The electric vehicle startup Faraday Future is close to running out of money as it forces some workers to take unpaid leave, The Verge reports. 

According to the publication, the automaker has halted some operations at its headquarters in Gardena, California, and factory in Hanford, California. Faraday Future CEO Jia Yueting reportedly said in an email to employees that workers who started on or after May 1 of this year will be placed on unpaid leave until the automaker receives new funding. Full-time employees who started before May 1 can continue working on a reduced salary of 50,000 per year and hourly employees who have been working for over six months can choose to remain at Faraday Future for minimum wage, Yueting reportedly said.

Nick Sampson, one of the automaker`s founders, reportedly resigned on Tuesday, saying Faraday Future is "effectively insolvent" in an email to employees.

"The company is effectively insolvent in both its financial and personnel assets, it will at best will [sic] limp along for the foreseeable future. I feel that my role in Faraday Future is no long [sic] a path that I can follow, so I will leave the company, effective immediately," Sampson reportedly wrote.

Faraday Future did not immediately respond to Business Insider`s request for comment.

A Faraday Future representative told Business Insider last week, following a report from The Verge, that it would reduce the wages of hourly and salaried employees by 20% while laying off an undisclosed number of workers. The representative added that Yueting would lower his salary to 1 as some members of the automaker`s leadership team decreased their salaries by more than 20%.

Faraday Future was founded in 2014 and has struggled to build its planned FF91 electric SUV amid financial concerns and a battle with investor Evergrande Health Industry Group over funding. Faraday Future has faced lawsuits and liens from suppliers who claim they have not been paid, and the first pre-production version of the FF91 caught fire hours after it was shown to employees and their families, according to The Verge.

Yueting, who is also the founder and chairman of the Chinese tech company LeEco, last year had 182 million in assets frozen by the Chinese government because of unfulfilled loan payments.

SEE ALSO: The 10 most reliable cars of 2018

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Mark Zuckerberg

  • Facebook shares have been tumbling since the social-media giant reported second-quarter earnings on July 25 — but investors on the free-trading app Robinhood have been snapping up the stock.
  • CFO David Wehner warned in July that the company expected a significant slowdown in its revenue growth in the years ahead.
  • Facebook is set to report earnings after Tuesday`s closing bell.
  • Watch Facebook trade live.

Facebook shares have plunged 35% since July 25 — when the company reported disappointing second-quarter results — but investors on Robinhood, a free trading platform popular among younger investors, appear to be betting on a turnaround following the tech giant`s third-quarter results, which are due after Tuesday`s closing bell.

According to weekly data tracked by Business Insider, a net of more than 60,000 Robinhood investors have added Facebook to their portfolio since the company reported its second-quarter earnings. There are now 175,541 investors holding Facebook shares on Robinhood`s platform, making the social media company the third most-popular stock on the app. It`s up nine spots since Facebook`s last quarterly report.

At the time, the company missed Wall Street`s expectations on revenue and both its number of daily and monthly active users. Following the results, CFO David Wehner warned investors that Facebook expected its revenue growth to slow from the 42% pace it posted in the second quarter and its operating margins to fall from 44%.

"Looking beyond 2018, we anticipate that total expense growth will exceed revenue growth in 2019," he said. "Over the next several years, we would anticipate that our operating margins will trend towards the mid-30s on a percentage basis."

Wehner said that three factors are driving Facebook`s expected significant slowdown in revenue growth — currency headwinds, flagging revenues from its Stories feature, and the public`s increasing focus on privacy and security.

Now all eyes are on Facebook`s third-quarter earnings results.

Wall Street analysts surveyed by Bloomberg are expecting an adjusted profit of 1.85 per share on revenue of 13.8 billion. Their average price target is 203 — 30% above where shares were trading Monday.

Shares were down 20% this year.

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NOW WATCH: Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales: There`s going to be an `enormous backlash` against Donald Trump`s lies

Clubhouse NYC_Founders_087_cropped

  • Clubhouse, which was founded in 2014 and creates project management platforms for software teams, is announcing an enterprise edition.
  • Clubhouse originally only targeted small teams, but with the enterprise edition, it can support larger teams as well.
  • Clubhouse`s sees its biggest competitor as Atlassian`s Jira, which is widely used by large software development teams, and the company hopes that the users will turn to Clubhouse as another option.

When co-founder and CEO Kurt Schrader founded Clubhouse, he felt that developers needed a better tool to organize their work. Now, his startup is scaling to work with enterprise companies in an effort to better compete with the likes of Atlassian’s Jira.

“One of our biggest challenges is we’re kind of a David going against a Goliath,” Schrader told Business Insider.

Clubhouse launched its standard project management software in 2016, partly as a response Jira, Atlassian’s flagship software development project management platform. It started out targeting small teams, and on Tuesday, Clubhouse announced it would scale up to larger organizations with Clubhouse Enterprise Edition.

The four-year-old Clubhouse, which has 16 million in funding, is currently used by more than 1,000 organizations, including Elastic, FullStory, Glossier, HireVue, and LaunchDarkly.

“Even as we build and add more features, we still keep simplicity front and center to ensure the tool is intuitive,” Mitch Wainer, CMO of Clubhouse, told Business Insider. “What’s unique about Clubhouse, and why I joined, is I felt the pain of using complex tools like Jira.”

Before its recent overhaul, Jira had a reputation for being clunky and having an outdated interface. And with other project management platforms, users typically have to use multiple tools or project views, making the process more complicated. On the other hand, Clubhouse has always focused on simplicity, Wainer says.

“Teams were unable to use Jira effectively,” Wainer said. “What happened is there was a fragmented world of collaboration.”

Atlassian has since responded to user concerns and completely redesigned the platform to fit with the needs of today’s agile teams.

“It’s definitely interesting that they recognized the flaws with what they built,” Schrader said.

But what makes Clubhouse different, Schrader says, is that the platform works especially well for small teams and can scale up as companies grow. Before, Clubhouse was only targeted at small teams, but once those teams grew bigger, they usually turned to Jira. Schrader hopes that the new enterprise edition will change this course.

“I think for us, it’s figuring out how to change the conversation,” Schrader said. “When a lot of organizations grow, they say we should use Jira now because it’s our only option. We’re changing that conversation.”

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Denmark will push for fresh EU-wide sanctions against Iran following a suspected attempted attack by an Iranian intelligence service on Danish soil, Foreign Minister Anders Samuelsen said on Tuesday.
Police opened fire at Shi`ite Muslim protesters demanding the release of their leader in the Nigerian capital Abuja on Tuesday, killing one, in a second straight day of violence, the religious group said.

MacBook Air 00072.JPG

The lightweight, super-slim MacBook Air is probably Apple`s best-selling laptop.

Apple has never broken down which of its Mac computers sell the most units, but CEO Tim Cook hinted at an event in Brooklyn on Monday that the MacBook Air was the "most beloved."

And on Tuesday, it got its first major redesign since 2010. 

In recent years, it had been difficult to find a great Apple laptop for most people. Apple`s pro-level models had adopted an unpopular, finicky keyboard, added a gimmicky touchscreen "Touch Bar" to the MacBook Pro, and raised prices across the board. Its thin-and-light MacBook, ostensibly the flagship of the line, was underpowered and had a single USB-C port, which it also used for charging. 

Enter the newly-redesigned MacBook Air. The entry-level Apple laptop has been revamped, with a new design, new ports, a "third-generation" butterfly keyboard, and a much higher-resolution screen than the previous model.

Oh, and it comes in gold now, too. 

We got a few minutes to try out the new MacBook Air after Apple`s launch event on Tuesday. Here`s what we thought: 

The new MacBook Air comes in three colors: The traditional silver, a darker "Space Grey," and gold.

The biggest improvement over the older models is that the screen has a much higher resolution — 2560 x 1600 — and its bezels are smaller. The screen is still about 13 inches big, though, so that hasn`t changed.

Here`s another close-up.

See the rest of the story at Business Insider

nuclear bomb explosion blast city shutterstock_404953870

  • Nukemap is a tool that lets you detonate nuclear weapons over an interactive map of the world.
  • The app was created by a historian to help people better understand the effects of nuclear explosions.
  • A new version shows how various types of radioactive fallout shelters might protect you from exposure.
  • Nukemap can export its terrifying data to 3D mapping software like Google Earth.

Since February 2012, people around the world have exploded more than 159 million nuclear weapons. They`ve set off big ones and small ones, and dropped them on Washington, Paris, Moscow, and even their own homes.

But none of these nuclear explosions are real, of course. They`re all simulated via Nukemap, an in-browser app that lets you choose a location anywhere on Earth, adjust a number of options, and detonate a hypothetical nuclear bomb.

The program is the brainchild of Alex Wellerstein, an historian of nuclear weapons at the Stevens Institute of Technology. Using the app has a certain thrill to it — just zoom to your location and click "detonate" to see what happens.

But that feeling is quickly replaced by existential dread when you see the estimated numbers of fatalities and injuries tick upward, and observe the lingering effects that a single blast might inflict over perhaps thousands of square miles.

You begin to wonder if you might survive such an onslaught.

"We live in a world where nuclear weapons issues are on the front pages of our newspapers on a regular basis, yet most people still have a very bad sense of what an exploding nuclear weapon can actually do," Wellerstein wrote on his personal website, NuclearSecrecy.org.

Hence, Wellerstein created Nukemap six years ago to lure those who are curious and educate them on a raft of consequences of nuclear detonations.

"A realistic understanding of what nuclear weapons can and can`t do is necessary for any discussion that involves them," Wellerstein previously told Business Insider. "People tend to have either wildly exaggerated views of the weapons, or wildly under-appreciate their power, if they have thoughts about them at all. It can lead to hysterical policies of all sorts."

Wellerstein has been updating his public-education project ever since, and it`s now at version 2.6. In the new version, users can more deeply explore the consequences of radioactive fallout, including if and how a person might survive the frightening phenomenon.

Nukemap`s new fallout shelter option

hwasong nuclear ballistic missile icbm test launch north korea kcna

Nukemap`s software relies on declassified equations along with models of nuclear weapons and their effects — factors like fireball size, air-blast radius, radiation zones, and more. It crunches the numbers, then renders the results as graphics over an interactive map.

Preset options let you pick historic and recent blasts, including North Korea`s test explosions and Tsar Bomba, the most powerful nuclear device ever detonated. The tool can even estimate fatalities and injuries for a given weapon yield, altitude, and location.

Wellerstein`s latest update debuted last week, and it offers a fascinating new option: a way to see how well someone in a radioactive fallout shelter might fare.

The previous version of Nukemap could generate a cloud of radioactive fallout and show users how it might drift based on real weather conditions. Now a "probe" tool lets you explore that cloud and better estimate your chances of survival within it.

The feature allows users to pick a given spot and see how much radioactive exposure they might get over a certain amount of time, and what that exposure may do. You can also explore how different types of shelter affect that exposure. The options include no shelter at all, the basement of a one-story house, the center of an office building, and so on.

As an example, suppose a 150-kiloton bomb detonates in New York City (near the ground).

This yield, in kilotons of TNT, would be about 10 times that of the bomb dropped on Hiroshima. So Nukemap predicts that dangerous fallout from such a cataclysm could spread deep into Connecticut and douse Stamford.

Screen Shot 2018 10 30 at 12.05.58 PM

This type of bomb would be similar in yield to the hydrogen bombs that North Korea might be able to deliver as far as the Eastern US. (Wellerstein also developed a Missilemap browser app to explore the range of nuclear-warhead-tipped intercontinental ballistic missiles.)

In this example blast, a person out in the open at Scalzi Park in Stamford, Connecticut, might get 116 rads of radiation exposure over five hours. Nukemap describes this as "sickness inducing," since it`d be enough to weaken the body`s immune system (among other effects).

Meanwhile, if that Connecticut resident were to huddle in the basement of a nearby three-story brick building for 72 hours, they`d see only 8 rads — roughly equivalent to the dosage astronauts get after living aboard the International Space Station for 6 months.

`Reinventing civil defense`

Nukemap`s fallout-cloud feature shows that fallout is mostly limited to explosions that happen near the ground — as opposed to airbursts thousands of feet or even miles above the surface. That`s because fallout consists almost entirely of dirt and debris that get sucked up by a nuclear blast, irradiated to dangerous levels, pushed into the atmosphere, and sprinkled over great distances. (So a blast high in the air can`t vacuum up the same amount of soil and debris.)

In any case, nuclear safety experts say 48 hours is the minimum amount of time you should shelter in place, since radioactivity from fallout would subside from dangerous levels after this time.

fallout radiation shelter sign brick city building dave mosher

This is the type of information Wellerstein hopes his tool teaches people through experimentation and iteration.

"I hope that people will come to understand what a nuclear weapon would do to places they are familiar with, and how the different sizes of nuclear weapons change the results," he wrote on his site.

The update to Nukemap comes as Wellerstein and others at the Stevens Institute of Technology work on an initiative called Reinventing Civil Defense.

The project, backed by a 500,000 non-profit grant, is expected to debut in 2019 and feature virtual-reality explorations of what it`s like to be in the midst of a nuclear blast. The effort`s name references the Cold War-era program in the US to distribute safety announcements like "duck and cover."

"Our goal is to develop new communication strategies regarding nuclear risk that have high potential to resonate with a public audience," the project`s website says. "Building on the prior history of Civil Defense, we will identify what an effective, non-partisan, level-headed approach to nuclear risk communication looks like in the 21st century."

silhouettes tunnel taking shelter disaster nuclear survival shutterstock_119204617 processed

In the meantime, Nukemap`s latest iteration makes clear that every weapon`s yield, or explosive power, is limited — and so are its effects.

So if you`re not at ground zero, are aware that an attack might be coming, and know what to do — and what to avoid, like getting into a car — you stand a chance at surviving (barring all-out nuclear war).

That doesn`t mean we should get used to the idea of nuclear weapons or consider their use inevitable or normal. Quite the contrary: Such a trend would bring the world closer to catastrophic nuclear conflict, perhaps by accident.

"A more grounded, sober, calibrated view of these weapons, in my experience, leads people to take more sober approaches to them," Wellerstein previously told Business Insider. "[A] nuclear detonation wouldn`t be the end of everything, but we should strive to avoid it at practically all costs."

SEE ALSO: Hundreds of never-before-seen nuclear blast videos show terrifying explosions in the ocean and Nevada desert

DON`T MISS: A nuclear explosion in the US is a real possibility. Here are the scripts government officials might use if it ever happens.

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NOW WATCH: Here`s how easy it is for the US president to launch a nuclear weapon

Venezuela poses a clear threat to regional stability and could drag down key U.S. allies like Brazil, Argentina and Colombia, a senior Treasury Department official said on Wednesday.
A German nurse admitted in court on Tuesday to being post-war Germany`s deadliest serial killer, murdering 100 patients with lethal injections so that he could play the hero by trying to revive them.

MacBook Air family 2018

  • Apple no longer sells new laptops that come with regular USB ports.
  • All of Apple`s latest laptops come with USB-C ports, only. 
  • Apple is still selling the old MacBook Air with regular USB ports for 1,000, but the new models are only 200 more expensive and a much better deal.
  • USB-C and the connectivity standard it supports, Thunderbolt 3, is better than regular USB-A standards, but some people are having a harder time making the switch, which requires buying adapters. 

Much to the joy of Apple fans, Apple announced a new MacBook Air, which was long overdue for many, many updates.

As Apple has done with its more recently updated MacBook Pro laptops, Apple added USB-C/Thunderbolt 3 ports to its new MacBook Air lineup. It allows users to plug in a USB-C/Thunderbolt 3 adapter to connect a wide variety of devices — including monitors, external hard drives, and even power for charging — into a single port on the new MacBook Air.

The Thunderbolt 3 standard, which uses the USB-C port, is fast and powerful enough to support a lot of devices and extremely fast data transfer speeds. That`s why it can be used to plug so many different devices into a single port. 

belkin thunderbolt 3 usb-c dock

In the new MacBook Air, Apple also removed the regular USB-A ports we`ve been using for the last couple decades. That means the Apple doesn`t sell a modern laptop with modern specs with regular USB ports. The MacBook, new MacBook Air, and MacBook Pros do not have USB-A ports. 

Read more: Here`s everything Apple announced at its big iPad and Mac event

On one hand, USB-C/Thunderbolt 3 is great. On the other hand, it means buying more accessories, like adapters and docks, like the one above, that weren`t necessarily needed before Apple`s move to an all USB-C lineup. I don`t want to bash USB-C/Thunderbolt 3 too much, as it`s certainly the future, but it does require extra costs and things to carry around.

MacBook Air Ports 2018

Apple is still selling its old MacBook Air for 1,000, but I wouldn`t recommend it at this stage. The new models are only 200 more expensive at 1,200 and come with newer, more powerful specs and features, as well as a modern design refresh.

You can also still buy refurbished, higher-specced models of the old MacBook Air through Apple`s Refurbished Mac store, but I wouldn`t recommend those, either. Refurbished models start at 1,900 on the Refurbished Mac Store, which is way more expensive than the new MacBook Airs with better specs, features, and design.

For now, the only Apple computers that come with regular USB-A ports include the old MacBook Air, new Mac Mini, iMacs, iMac Pro, and the 2013 Mac Pro.

SEE ALSO: Apple just announced a brand new MacBook Air

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NOW WATCH: After using Samsung Galaxy phones for 5 years, I made the switch to the iPhone XS

IPCC climate change

Some of the world`s biggest challenges, including climate change and political violence, extend far beyond any one nation`s borders.

Global catastrophes can occur for a number of reasons, and the Global Challenges Foundation`s 2018 report highlights some of the main risks to humanity today. The foundation, created in 2012, works with researchers to publish annual reports on threats that could devastate at least 10% of the world`s population. This year`s report contributors include astrophysicist Martin Rees and multiple experts focused on disarmament affairs at the United Nations

According to the foundation, the next 50 years will set the pace for humanity`s survival in the next 10,000 years. 

"Why care now? Because so much is at stake, too little is done, and if we wait until later, caring may no longer matter," the report`s authors said.

Take a look at the 10 greatest challenges facing humans right now.

SEE ALSO: Want to solve global crises? 5 million prize seeks fresh ideas

A nuclear explosion could trigger a "nuclear winter," with widespread famines to follow.

Nuclear weapons can kill thousands of people upon impact, and their lingering effects create even more harm.

Kennette Benedict, a Bulletin of Atomic Scientists senior adviser, and Nobuyasu Abe, the commissioner of Japan`s Atomic Energy Commission, wrote in the report that nuclear explosions could trigger a "nuclear winter," where a massive amount of dust and sulfates could conceal the Sun and cool the Earth for years.

One model suggests the use of 4,000 nuclear weapons would release 150 teragrams of smoke, which is enough to lower global temperatures by 8 degrees for four or five years. The world`s largest nuclear arsenals, located in the United States and Russia, each have about 7,000 warheads.

Benedict and Abe wrote that it would be very difficult to grow food during this time, and chaos would follow amid a widespread famine.

Technological progress in synthetic biology and genetic engineering is making it easier and cheaper to weaponize pathogens.

Nuclear weapons are complicated and made of rare materials, but biological and chemical weapons can be made for much less money. 

Angela Kane, a senior fellow at the Vienna Center for Disarmament and Non-Proliferation, wrote in the report that biological weapons could cause global catastrophes if a pathogen leads to a pandemic. Toxic chemicals may be less deadly, but they can still contaminate a large area if they are put into water supplies.

Kane added it is possible that a worldwide consensus on banning countries from using toxic chemicals will unravel. She noted that biological and chemical weapons — despite being banned — have been used at least four times in the past 40 years. 

Climate change will have devastating consequences.

Leena Srivastava, the vice chancellor of TERI University in India, wrote that despite the Paris climate deal, there is a 90% chance that global temperature increases will exceed 2 degrees Celsius this century. 

There is also a 33% chance that the rise will go beyond 3 degrees in the 21st century, and the world is not on track to preventing this from happening, Srivastava said. 

Most of Florida and Bangladesh will be underwater if the change exceeds 3 degrees, and major coastal areas like Shanghai and Mumbai will be swamped. Srivastava wrote that large numbers of refugees will leave those regions, which would suffer from extreme weather and low food production. 

At least three past civilizations have fallen apart due to climate change — Norse Viking settlers, the Khmer Empire, and the Indus Valley Civilization. All three were affected by climate change that was local and not caused by humans, Srivastava wrote. 

The climate change we face now is global, and there is nowhere for us to run.

See the rest of the story at Business Insider
Bangladesh and Myanmar agreed on Tuesday to begin by November the repatriation of hundreds of thousands of Rohingya Muslims who fled to Bangladesh to escape a Myanmar army crackdown, though doubts about a speedy return are likely to persist.
The United Nations refugee agency said on Tuesday that conditions in Myanmar`s Rakhine state were "not yet conducive for returns", after Bangladesh and Myanmar agreed to start repatriation of hundreds of thousands of Muslim Rohingya by mid-November.

Apple event October 2018

Apple held a splashy media event in Brooklyn on Tuesday to unveil its holiday menu of new laptops, iPads and other gadgets. Unlike the big event Apple hosted at its California headquarters in September to show off its new iPhone line-up, Tuesday`s event was focused on computing devices designed for working and creating. 

Here are some of the most important products that Apple unveiled on Tuesday: 

You can read Business Insider`s full coverage of the Apple event here


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BuzzFeed worth it

  • BuzzFeed is known for racking up millions of video views through social platforms but has recently begun fixating on social chatter within the comments of posts to gauge the success of its content.
  • According to new research, the number of "shares" of BuzzFeed`s videos has decreased 19% over the past year while the number of posts tagged with @ symbols in comments grew 10%.
  • Edwin Wong, SVP of research and insights at BuzzFeed, said the publisher`s pitch to marketers is switching from focusing on reach to "relevancy and intimacy."

Facebook`s algorithm continues to get trickier for publishers to navigate, but BuzzFeed has always been an innovator in that area.

The digital publisher continues to launch new Facebook brands and Watch programs for the platform, but as social distribution changes, it`s making an interesting shift in analyzing how successful its posts are. Instead of fixating on the number of people who click the "share" button on a video or post, BuzzFeed is increasingly zeroing in on "at mentions," which tracks readers who tag a friend or family member in a comment.

According to new research from BuzzFeed, the number of shares on its content has decreased 19% over the past year. In other words, people aren`t publicly sharing BuzzFeed posts to their social media accounts as often as they were a couple years ago. At the same time, Facebook`s newsfeed continues to get stuffed with posts that prioritize content from friends over posts from brands and publishers.

That could be a major problem for BuzzFeed, which is focused on distributing media to a bunch of platforms with the goal of getting people to share content in their own newsfeeds.

"We were looking at a piece of work and over the last so and so months, we`ve seen less shares — obviously we got nervous," said Edwin Wong, BuzzFeed`s SVP of research and insights.

But BuzzFeed said the drop-off in clicks of the "share" button doesn`t necessarily mean that its content is viewed less.

Instead, the way that people share has changed, and they`re sharing posts by tagging — or @ing someone, in social media parlance — account names in comments. More than 90% of BuzzFeed videos have at least one "at mention" in the comments, Wong said. And BuzzFeed`s "at mention" rate has increased 10% over the last year.

Part of the reason for the change is because a few years ago, people shared Facebook videos because they were a new media format. BuzzFeed`s food juggernaut Tasty, for example, pioneered "hands and pans" videos.

"You`re seeing less of that but you`re seeing more `at` shares," Wong said. "When we started to see what was behind it, you saw almost like an evolution of that language ... I no longer need this piece of content to make me look cool, now I need it to connect with my friends."

BuzzFeed is flipping its pitch to marketers

For years, BuzzFeed and other digital publishers chased huge audiences on social media to grow, pitching advertisers on reach and the ability to target consumers across multiple platforms.

With the move to analyzing "at mentions" though, BuzzFeed`s beginning to sell marketers smaller, engaged audiences.

"Reach is always going to be important because of efficiency and whatnot," Wong said. "But reach is so easy to achieve these days — we can get it from an ad network."

"The ability to drive a conversation and to have that conversation I think becomes even more important and makes the content so much more valuable to actually break through the clutter."

Still, advertisers want to reach big audiences

The challenge is that advertisers like scale and knowing that they`re able to reach a wide swath of consumers through digital ads.

That`s why BuzzFeed`s giant network of brands plays a role in targeting engagement-based content to specific groups, Wong said.

"When marketers ask us, `Help us understand what are some of the triggers to what will go viral,` we believe that the `at` mention is a good correlation piece to help us understand that virality — it basically shows that the content has become a conversation," he said.

"We think that marketers need to start to think about this in a different way because it`s not just [about] the targeted demo."

People love to pass around nostalgic, feel-good stuff

According to Buzzfeed`s research, there are a few types of content that people are most likely to share:

  • 31% of people said that they typically shared content related to "rewind, nostalgic or memories."
  • Another 31% of people share pet and animal content.
  • 29% of people share entertainment-focused content.
  • 28% of people share food and cooking content.

All of those categories jive well with the content that BuzzFeed regularly cranks out.

Here`s a chart that breaks out mention rates by the type of BuzzFeed video:

BuzzFeed research

According to BuzzFeed`s findings, 49% of people said that the last time that they shared, commented, or tagged content was for the purpose of "culture or building a community." 42% of people said that they shared something because it was funny, and 22% shared to spur people to take an action.

And once a person is tagged in a post, chances are they`ll immediately react to the content. The average reader is 87% more likely to read or watch content from a post that was either shared or tagged to them, per BuzzFeed`s findings.

"Having done this work for almost a decade, people used to say, `I share things because I want to make people laugh,`" Wong said. "And today, the top reason is all around culture building, community."

BuzzFeed research

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Tim Cook

BROOKLYN — Apple just held its second big event of the fall in New York City`s most populous borough.

Apple held its first fall event in September, where it unveiled a new Apple Watch and three new iPhone models. On Tuesday, Apple unveiled new iPad Pros, Mac computers, and more. Business Insider was in attendance to see it all happen live.

Here`s everything Apple announced at its big October event.

8:54 AM: The event took place at the Brooklyn Academy of Music. Apple dressed it all up for the big occasion.

9:09 AM: Plenty of Apple executives were in attendance, including Craig Federighi, a.k.a. "Hair Force One." Federighi oversees the development of Apple`s iPhone and Mac software.

9:25 AM: Thankfully, there was plenty of food to enjoy during the wait.

See the rest of the story at Business Insider

2019 Jeep Cherokee

  • Fiat Chrysler beat earnings expectations for the third quarter.
  • The carmaker will disperse 2.27 billion in special dividends to shareholders following the sale of its Magneti Marelli partsmaker.
  • The automaker reaffirmed its full-year guidance, under the watch of new CEO Mike Manley.


According to Reuters, on Tuesday "Fiat Chrysler reported better-than-expected third-quarter earnings and promised to pay 2 billion euros (2.27 billion) in extraordinary dividends using proceeds from the Magneti Marelli sale."

A week ago, FCA made a deal to sell its partsmaker to Japan’s Calsonic Kansei for 6.2 billion euros, Reuters reported. FCA will begin to pay a regular quarterly dividend in 2019.

"The world’s seventh-largest carmaker said on Tuesday adjusted earnings before interest and tax (EBIT) for the July-September period rose 13 percent to 1.995 billion euros, compared with 1.87 billion euros in a Reuters poll of analysts," the news service reported.

FCA maintained guidance for the remainder of 2019. The automaker is now overseen by former Jeep-head Mike Manley, who became CEO after the sudden death of Sergio Marchionne earlier this year. 

Shares were flat in pre-market trading Tuesday, at 16.

FCAU Chart

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Lebanon`s Hezbollah pressed a demand for one of its Sunni allies to be given a post in a new government on Tuesday as politicians sought a compromise to a standoff pitting the Iranian-backed group against prime minister-designate Saad al-Hariri.
A U.S. judge on Tuesday turned down a last-ditch effort by accused Mexican drug lord Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman to delay his trial, scheduled to begin next Monday with jury selection in Brooklyn federal court.
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